3.1. Lakshana of Pratyaksha, types of Pratyaksha- Nirvikalpaka- Savikalpaka with description, description of Laukika and Alaukika types and their further classification.
3.2. Indriya-prapyakaritvam, six types of Sannikarsha.
3.3. Indriyanam lakshanam, classification and enumeration of Indriya. Description of Panchapanchaka, Penta-elemental nature of Indriya by Panchamahabhuta (Panchabhautikatwa of Indriya) and similarity in sources (Tulyayonitva) of Indriya.
3.4. Trayodasha Karana, dominance of Antahkaran.
3.5. Hindrances in direct perception (pratyaksha-anupalabdhikaaran), enhancement of direct perception (Pratyaksha) by various instruments/ equipments, necessity of other Pramanas in addition to Pratyaksha.
3.6. Practical study/ application of Pratyaksha in physiological, diagnostic, therapeutics and research grounds.
4.1. Lakshana of Anumana. Introduction of Anumiti, Paramarsha, Vyapti, Hetu, Sadhya, Paksha, Drishtanta. Types of Anumana mentioned by Charaka and Nyayadarshana.
4.2. Characteristic and types of Vyapti.
4.3. Lakshana and types of Hetu, description of Ahetu and Hetwabhasa.
4.4. Characteristic and significance of Tarka.
4.5. Practical study/ application of Anumanapramana in physiological, diagnostic, therapeutics and research.
5. Yuktipariksha/ Pramana
5.1. Lakshana and discussion.
5.2. Importance in Ayurveda.
5.3. Practical study and utility in therapeutics and research.
6. Upamana Pramana
6.2 Application in therapeutics and research.
7. Karya- Karana Siddhanta (Cause and Effect Theory)
7.1. Lakshana of Karya and Karana. Types of Karana.
7.2. Significance of Karya and Karana in Ayurveda.
7.3. Different opinions regarding the manifestation of Karya from Karana: Satkaryavada, Asatkaryavada, Parinamavada, Arambhavada, Paramanuvada, Vivartavada, Kshanabhangurvada, Swabhavavada, Pilupaka, Pitharpaka, Anekantavada,
1. Etymological derivation (Vyutpatti), syntactical derivation (Niruktti) and definition of the word Itihas, necessity of knowledge of history, its significance and utility, means and method of history, historical person (Vyakti), subject (Vishaya), time period (Kaal), happening (Ghatana) and their impact on Ayurveda.
2. Introduction to the authors of classical texts during Samhitakaal and their contribution: Atreya, Dhanwantari, Kashyapa, Agnivesha, Sushruta, Bhela, Harita, Charaka, 5 Dridhabala, Vagbhata, Nagarjuna, Jivaka.
3. Introduction to the commentators of classical Samhitas – Bhattaraharicchandra, Jejjata, Chakrapani, Dalhana, Nishchalakara, Vijayarakshita, Gayadas, Arunadutta, Hemadri, Gangadhara, Yogindranath Sen, Haranachandra, Indu.
4. Introduction to the authors of compendiums (Granthasamgrahakaala) – Bhavmishra, Sharngadhara, Vrinda, Madhavakara, Shodhala, Govinda Das (Author of Bhaishajyaratnawali), Basavraja.
5. Introduction to the authors of Modern era –Gana Nath Sen, Yamini Bhushan Rai, Shankar Dajishastri Pade, Swami Lakshmiram, Yadavji Tikramji, Dr. P. M. Mehta, Ghanekar, Damodar Sharma Gaur, Priyavrat Sharma.
6. Globalization of Ayurveda – Expansion of Ayurveda in Misra (Egypt), Sri Lanka, Nepal other nations.
7. a) Developmental activities in Ayurveda in the post-independence period, development in educational trends. b) Establishment of different committees, their recommendations.
c) Introduction to and activities of the following Organizations :- Department of AYUSH, Central Council of Indian Medicine, Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences, Ayurvedic Pharmacopeia commission, National Medicinal Plants Board, Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) d) Introduction to the following National Institutions : National Institute of Ayurved, Jaipur. IPGT&RA, Gujrat Ayurved University, Jamnagar. Faculty of Ayurved, BHU, Varanasi. Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeetha, New Delhi. e) Drug and Cosmetic Act.
8. Introduction to national & international popular journals of Ayurveda.
9. Introduction to activities of WHO in the promotion of Ayurved.
Reference Books:- A). Padartha Vigyan:- 1. Padarthavigyan Acharya Ramraksha Pathak 2. Ayurvediya Padartha Vigyana Vaidya Ranjit Rai Desai 3. Ayurved Darshana Acharya Rajkumar Jain 4. Padartha Vigyana Kashikar 5. Padartha Vigyana Balwant Shastri 6. Sankhyatantwa Kaumadi GajananS hastri 7. Psycho Pathology in Indian Medicine Dr. S.P. Gupta 8. Charak Evum Sushrut ke Prof. Jyotirmitra Acharya Darshanik Vishay ka Adhyayan 9. Ayurvediya Padartha Vigyana Dr. Ayodhya Prasad Achal 10. Padartha Vigyana Dr. Vidyadhar Shukla 11. Padartha Vigyana Dr. Ravidutta Tripathi 12. Ayurvediya Padartha Vigyana Vaidya Ramkrishna Sharma Dhand 13. Ayurvediya Padartha Vigyan Parichaya Vaidya Banwarilal Gaur 14. Ayurvediya Padartha Darshan Pandit Shivhare Central Council of Indian Medicine 15. Scientific Exposition of Ayurveda Dr. Sudhir Kumar 16. Relevant portions of Charakasamhita, Sushrutasamhita.
B) History of Ayurveda:- 1. Upodghata of Kashyapasamhita Rajguru Hem Raj Sharma Paragraph of acceptance of Indian medicine 2. Upodghata of Rasa Yogasagar Vaidy Hariprapanna Sharma 3. Ayurveda Ka Itihas KaviraSuram Chand 4. Ayurveda Sutra Rajvaidya Ram Prasad Sharma 5. History of Indian Medicine (1-3 part) Dr. GirindrNath Mukhopadhyaya 6. A Short history of Aryan Medical Science Bhagwat Singh 7. History of Indian Medicine J. Jolly 8. Hindu Medicine Zimer 9. Classical Doctrine of Indian Medicine Filiyosa 10. Indian Medicine in the classical age AcharyaPriyavrata Sharma 11. Indian Medicine (Osteology) Dr. Harnley 12. Ancient Indian Medicine Dr. P. Kutumbia 13. Madhava Nidan and its Chief Dr. G.J. Mulenbelt Commentaries (Chapters highlighting history) 14. Ayurveda Ka BrihatItihasa Vaidya Atridev Vidyalankara 15. Ayurveda Ka VaigyanikaItihasa Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 16. Ayurveda Ka PramanikaItihasa Prof. Bhagwat Ram Gupta 17. History of Medicine in India Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 18. Vedomein Ayurveda Vaidya Ram GopalS hastri 19. Vedomein Ayurveda Dr. Kapil Dev Dwivedi 20. Science and Philosophy of Indian Medicine Dr. K.N. Udupa 21. History of Indian Medicine from Dr. Jyotirmitra Pre-Mauryan to Kushana Period 22. An Appraisal of Ayurvedic Material in Buddhist literature Dr. Jyotirmitra 23. Mahayana Granthon mein nihita Dr. RavindraNathTripathi Ayurvediya Samagri 24. Jain Ayurveda Sahitya Ka Itihasa Dr. Rajendra Prakash Bhatnagar 25. Ayurveda- Prabhashaka Jainacharya Acharya Raj Kumar Jain 26. CharakaChintana Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 27. Vagbhata Vivechana Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 28. Atharvaveda and Ayurveda Dr. Karambelkara 29. Ayurvedic Medicine Past and Present Pt. Shiv Sharma 30. Ancient Scientist Dr. O.P. Jaggi 31. Luminaries of Indian Medicine Dr. K.R. Shrikanta Murthy 32. Ayurveda Ke Itihasa Ka Parichaya Dr. RaviduttaTripathi 33. Ayurveda Ke Pranacharya Ratnakara Shastri 34. Ayurveda Itihasa Parichaya Prof. Banwari Lal Gaur
A) From English / Hindi / regional language to Sanskrit B) From Sanskrit to English / Hindi / regional language C) Identification and correction of grammatical errors in the given sentences The sentences for translation should be selected from the under mentioned reference books 1) Laghusiddhanta Kaumudi- Acharya Varadaraja (Commentary by Shri Dhananand Shastry) 2) Brihattrayee- (Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, Ashtanga Hridayam) 3) Anuvada Chandrika-Chakradhara Hansa Nautiyal 4) Sanskruta Ayurved Sudha- Dr. Banwari Lal Gaur 5) Rachananuvada Kaumudi- Dr. Kapildev Dwivedi 6) Bhasha Sopanam- Published by Rashtreeya Samskruta Samsthanam, New Delhi Central Council of Indian Medicine
KRIYA SHARIR (PHYSIOLOGY) 1. Conceptual study of fundamental principles of Ayurvediya Kriya Sharir e.g - Panchamahabhuta, Tridosha, Triguna, Loka-Purusha Samya, Samanya-Vishesha. Description of basics of Srotas.
2. Definition and synonyms of the term Sharir, definition and synonyms of term Kriya, description of Sharir Dosha and Manasa Dosha. Mutual relationship between TrigunaTridosha & Panchmahabhuta. Difference between Shaarir and Sharir. Description of the components of Purusha and classification of Purusha, role of Shatdhatupurusha in Kriya Sharira and Chikitsa.
3. Dosha- General description of Tridosha. Inter relationship between Ritu-Dosha-RasaGuna. Biological rhythms of Tridosha on the basis of day-night-age-season and food intake. Role of Dosha in the formation of Prakriti of an individual and in maintaining of health. Prakrita and Vaikrita Dosha.
4. Vata Dosha: Vyutpatti (derivation), Nirukti (etymology) of the term Vata, general locations, general properties and general functions of Vata, five types of Vata (Prana, Udana, Samana, Vyana, Apana) with their specific locations, specific properties, and specific functions. Respiratory Physiology in Ayurveda, Physiology of speech in Ayurveda.
5. Pitta Dosha: Vyutpatti, Nirukti of the term Pitta, general locations, general properties and general functions of Pitta, five types of Pitta (Pachaka, Ranjaka, Alochaka, Bhrajaka, Sadhaka) with their specific locations, specific properties, and specific functions. Similarities and differences between Agni and Pitta.
6. Kapha Dosha: Vyutpatti, Nirukti of the term Kapha, general locations, general properties and general functions of Kapha, five types of Kapha (Bodhaka, Avalambaka, Kledaka, Tarpaka, Śleshaka ) with their specific locations, specific properties, and specific functions.
7. Etiological factors responsible for Dosha Vriddhi, Dosha Kshaya and their manifestations.
8. Concept of Kriyakala.
9. Prakriti: a) Deha- Prakriti: Vyutpatti, Nirukti, various definitions and synonyms for the term „Prakriti‟. Intra-uterine and extra-uterine factors influencing Deha-Prakriti, classification and characteristic features of each kind of Deha-Prakriti. b) Manasa- Prakriti: Introduction and types of Manasa- Prakriti.
10. Ahara: Definition, classification and significance of Ahara, Ahara-vidhi-vidhana, Ashta Aharavidhi Viseshayatana, Ahara Parinamkar Bhava.
11. Aharapaka (Process of digestion): Description of Annavaha Srotas and their Mula. Role of Grahani & Pittadhara Kala.
12. Description of Avasthapaka (Madhura, Amla and Katu). Description of Nishthapaka (Vipaka) and its classification. Separation of Sara and Kitta. Absorption of Sara. Genesis of Vata-Pitta-Kapha during Aharapaka process. Definition of the term Koshtha. Classification of Koshtha and the characteristics of each type of Koshtha.
13. Agni – Definition and importance, synonyms, classification, location, properties and functions of Agni and functions of Jatharagni, Bhutagni, and Dhatvagni.
Modern Physiology a) Definition and mechanisms of maintenance of homeostasis. Cell physiology. Membrane physiology. Transportation of various substances across cell membrane.
b) Resting membrane potential and action potential.
c) Physiology of respiratory system: functional anatomy of respiratory system. Definition of ventilation, mechanism of respiration, exchange and transport of gases, neural and chemical control of respiration, artificial respiration, asphyxia, hypoxia. Introduction to Pulmonary Function Tests.
d) Physiology of Nervous System: General introduction to nervous system, neurons, mechanism of propagation of nerve impulse, physiology of CNS, PNS, ANS; physiology of sensory and motor nervous system, Functions of different parts of brain and physiology of special senses, intelligence, memory, learning and motivation. Physiology of sleep and dreams, EEG. Physiology of speech and articulation. Physiology of temperature regulation.
e) Functional anatomy of gastro-intestinal tract, mechanism of secretion and composition of different digestive juices. Functions of salivary glands, stomach, liver, pancreas, small intestine and large intestine in the process of digestion and absorption. Movements of the gut (deglutition, peristalsis, defecation) and their control. Enteric nervous system.
f) Acid-base balance, water and electrolyte balance. Study of basic components of food. Digestion and metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Vitamins & Minerals- sources, daily requirement, functions, manifestations of hypo and hypervitaminosis.
1. Dhatu: Etymology, derivation, definition, general introduction of term Dhatu, different theories related to Dhatuposhana (Dhatuposhana Nyaya)
2. Rasa Dhatu: Etymology, derivation, location, properties, functions and Praman of Rasa-dhatu. Physiology of Rasavaha Srotas, Formation of Rasa Dhatu from Aahara Rasa, circulation of Rasa (Rasa-Samvahana), role of Vyana Vayu and Samana Vayu in Rasa Samvahana. Description of functioning of Hridaya. Ashtavidha Sara (8 types), characteristics of Tvakasara Purusha, conceptual study of mutual interdependence (Aashraya-Aashrayi Bhaava) and its relation to Rasa and Kapha. Manifestations of kshaya and Vriddhi of Rasa.
3. Rakta Dhatu: Etymology, derivation, synonyms, location, properties, functions and Praman of Rakta Dhatu. Panchabhautikatva of Rakta Dhatu, physiology of Raktavaha Srotas, formation of Raktadhatu, Ranjana of Rasa by Ranjaka Pitta, features of Shuddha Rakta, specific functions of Rakta, characteristics of Raktasara Purusha, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Raktadhatu, mutual interdependence of Rakta and Pitta.
4. Mamsa Dhatu : Etymology, derivation, synonyms, location, properties and functions of Mamsa Dhatu, physiology of Mamsavaha Srotasa, formation of Mamsa Dhatu, characteristics of Mamsasara Purusha, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Mamsa Dhatu .Concept of Peshi.
5. Meda Dhatu : Etymology, derivation, location, properties, functions and Praman of Meda Dhatu, physiology of Medovaha Srotas, formation of Medo Dhatu, characteristics of Medasara Purusha and manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Meda.
6. Asthi Dhatu: Etymology, derivation, synonyms, location, properties, functions of Asthi Dhatu. Number of Asthi. Physiology of Asthivaha Srotas and formation of Asthi Dhatu, characteristics of Asthisara Purusha, mutual interdependence of Vata and Asthi Dhatu, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Asthi Dhatu.
7. Majja Dhatu : Etymology, derivation, types, location, properties, functions and Praman of Majjaa Dhatu, physiology of Majjavaha Srotas, formation of Majja Dhatu, characteristics of Majja Sara Purusha, relation of Kapha, Pitta, Rakta and Majja, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Majja Dhatu.
8. Shukra Dhatu: Etymology, derivation, location, properties, functions and Praman of Shukra Dhatu, physiology of Shukraravaha Srotas and formation of Shukra Dhatu. Features of Shuddha Shukra, characteristics of Shukra-Sara Purusha, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Shukra Dhatu.
9. Concept of Ashraya-Ashrayi bhava i.e. inter-relationship among Dosha, Dhatu Mala and Srotas.
10. Ojas: Etymological derivation, definition, formation, location, properties, Praman, classification and functions of Ojas. Description of Vyadhikshamatva. Bala Vriddhikara Bhava. Classification of Bala. Etiological factors and manifestations of Ojavisramsa, Vyapat and Kshaya.
11. Upadhatu: General introduction, etymological derivation and definition of the term Upadhatu. Formation, nourishment, properties, location and functions of each Upadhatu. a) Stanya: Characteristic features and methods of assessing Shuddha and Dushita Stanya, manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshaya of Stanya. b) Artava: Characteristic features of Shuddha and Dushita Artava. Differences between Raja and Artava, physiology of Artavavaha Srotas. c) Tvak: classification, thickness of each layer and functions.
12. Mala: Etymological derivation and definition of the term Mala. Aharamala: Enumeration and description of the process of formation of Aharamala. a) Purisha: Etymological derivation, definition, formation, properties, quantity and functions of Purisha. Physiology of Purishavaha Srotas, manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshhaya of Purisha. b) Mutra: Etymological derivation, definition, formation, properties, quantity and functions of Mutra. Physiology of Mutravaha Srotas, physiology of urine formation in Ayurveda, manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshhaya of Mutra. c) Sveda: Etymological derivation, definition, formation and functions of Sveda. Manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshaya of Sveda. Discription of Svedvaha Strotas d) Dhatumala: Brief description of each type of Dhatumala.
13. Panchagyanendriya: Physiological description of Panchagyaanendriya and physiology of perception of Shabda, Sparsha, Rupa, Rasa and Gandha. Physiological description of Karmendriya.
14. Manas: Etymological derivation, definition, synonyms, location, properties, functions and objects of Manas. Physiology of Manovaha Srotas.
15. Atma: Etymological derivation, definition, properties of Atma. Difference between Paramatma and Jivatma; Characteristic features of existence of Atma in living body.
16. Nidra: Nidrotpatti, types of Nidra, physiological and clinical significance of Nidra; Svapnotpatti and types of Svapna.
Modern Physiology 1. Haemopoetic system – composition, functions of blood and blood cells, Haemopoiesis (stages and development of RBCs, and WBCs and platelets), composition and functions of bone marrow, structure, types and functions of haemoglobin, mechanism of blood clotting, anticoagulants, physiological basis of blood groups, plasma proteins, introduction to anaemia and jaundice.
2. Immunity, classification of immunity: Innate, acquired and artificial. Different mechanisms involved in immunity: Humoral (B-cell mediated) and T-Cell mediated immunity. Hypersensitivity.
3. Muscle physiology – comparison of physiology of skeletal muscles, cardiac muscles and smooth muscles. Physiology of muscle contraction.
4. Physiology of cardio-vascular system: Functional anatomy of cardiovascular system. Cardiac cycle. Heart sounds. Regulation of cardiac output and venous return. Physiological basis of ECG. Heart-rate and its regulation. Arterial pulse. Systemic arterial blood pressure and its control. 5. Adipose tissue, lipoproteins like VLDL, LDL and HDL triglycerides.
6. Functions of skin, sweat glands and sebaceous glands.
7. Physiology of male and female reproductive systems. Description of ovulation, spermatogenesis, oogenesis, menstrual cycle.
8. Physiology of Excretion – functional anatomy of urinary tract, functions of kidney. Mechanism of formation of urine, control of micturition. Formation of faeces and mechanism of defecation.
9. Endocrine glands – General introduction to endocrine system, classification and characteristics of hormones, physiology of all endocrine glands, their functions and their effects.
PRACTICAL 100 marks Teaching hours-180 Ayurvedic practical
1. Assessment of Prakriti
2. Assessment of Dosha (Features of Vriddhi- Kshaya )
3. Assessment of Dhatu (Features of Vriddhi- Kshaya)
Sharira Kriya Vijnana (Part 1 and 2) – Nandini Dhargalkar
Dosha Dhatu Mala Vigyana - Basant Kumar Shrimal
Abhinava Sharir Kriya Vigyana - Dr. Shiv Kumar Gaur
Pragyogik Kriya Sharir - Acharya P.C. Jain
Kaya Chikitsa Parichaya - Dr. C. Dwarkanath
Concept of Agni - Vd. Bhagwan Das
Purush Vichaya - Acharya V.J. Thakar
Kriya Sharir - Prof. Yogesh Chandra Mishra
Sharir Kriya Vigyana - Prof. Jayaram Yadav & Dr. Sunil Verma.
Basic Principles of Kriya-Sharir (A treatise on Ayurvedic Physiology ) by Dr. Srikant Kumar Panda
Sharir Kriya – Part I & Part II – Dr. Ranade, Dr. Deshpande & Dr. Chobhe
Human Physiology in Ayurveda - Dr Kishor Patwardhan
Sharirkriya Vignyan Practical Hand Book– Dr.Ranade, Dr.Chobhe, Dr. Deshpande Sharir Kriya Part 1 – Dr.R.R.Deshapande, Dr.Wavhal
Sharir Kriya Part 2 – Dr. R.R.Deshapande, Dr.Wavhal
Ayurveda Kriya Sharira- Yogesh Chandra Mishra
Textbook of Physiology - Gyton & Hall
A Textbook of Human Physiology – A.K.Jain
Essentials of Medical Physiology - Sembulingam, K.
Concise Medical Physiology - Chaudhari, Sujit K.
Principals of Anatomy & Physiology - Tortora & Grabowski
Textbook of Medical Physiology- Indu Khurana
RACHNA SHARIR (ANATOMY) 1. Shariropkramaniya Shaarira Sharira and shaarira vyakhya (definitions of sharira and shaarira), shadangatvam (six regions of the body), anga pratyanga vibhaga (sub divisions). Mrita sharir samshodhan. Shaarira shastra vibhaga, shaarira gyan prayojana . Constitution of purusha according to dhatubheda, panchabhautikatvam, trigunatmakatvam, tridoshamayatvam, karma purusha, and doshadhatumala-mulakatvam.
12. Marma Shaarira - Marma: definition, number, location, classification, clinical importance with viddha lakshana. Explanation of trimarmas. Detail description of marmas.
13. Indriya Shaarira Definition of indriya, indriya artha and indriya adhisthan, their number and importance. Description of gyanendria, karmendriya and ubhayendriya (manas).
Modern Anatomy: 1. Definition and branches of anatomy & Preservation methods of the cadaver.
2. Anatomical Terminologies. Anatomical position, Planes, and explanation of anatomical terms related to skin, fasciae, bones, joints and their movements, muscles, ligaments, tendons, blood vessels, nerves,.
3. Embryology Definitions and branches of embryology. Embryo and fetus. Sperm and ovum, fertilization. Cleavage. Germ layers formation and their derivatives. Laws of heredity, Sex determination and differentiation, Month-wise development of embryo. Foetal circulation, placenta formation, Umbilical cord formation.
4. Osteology Bone: Definition, ossification, structure and types. Description of bones with clinical anatomy.
5. Arthrology Joints: Definition, structure types and movements. Description of joints of extremities, vertebral joints and temporomandibular joint with their clinical anatomy.
6. Cardiovascular system a. Definition, types and structure of arteries and veins. b. Description of heart and blood vessels with their course and branches. c. Pericardium with applied aspect.
7. Lymphatic system Definition, types and structure of lymph vessels, lymph glands with their clinical aspect.
8. Myology a) Structure and types of muscles. b) Description of muscles; their origin, insertion, actions, nerve supply and clinical anatomy.
1. Respiratory System a. Bronchial tree and lungs with their clinical aspects. b. Respiratory tract: nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tree. c. Pleura with its clinical aspects. d. Diaphragm.
2. Digestive system a. Organs of digestive tract (alimentary tract) with their clinical aspects. b. Digestive glands: liver, spleen and pancreas. c. Description of peritoneum with its clinical aspects.
3. Urinary System Urinary tract: kidney, ureter, urinary bladder and urethra with their clinical aspects.
4. Reproductive system a. Male Reproductive system: reproductive organs, tract and glands (prostate and seminal vesicles) with their clinical aspects. b. Female reproductive system: reproductive organs, tract and glands with their clinical aspects.
5. Endocrinology Definition, classification & description of endocrine glands (pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus and suprarenal glands) with clinical aspects.
6. Nervous System Nervous system: definition, classification and its importance. Description of brain and spinal cord. Description of peripheral nervous system: cranial and spinal nerves, nerve plexuses, and autonomic nervous system, formation and circulation of cerebrospinal fluid and blood supply of brain and spinal cord.
7. Sensory organs Description of structures of eye, ear, nose, tongue and skin with their clinical aspects.
8. Surface and radiological anatomy a. Study of radio-imaging of limbs, abdomen, pelvis and vertebral column with its clinical application. b. Surface anatomy of thoracic and abdominal viscera.
Content of practical 1. Practical study of bones 2. Practical study of organs 3. Practical study of surface and radiological anatomy. 4. Shava vichhedana – detailed dissection of the whole body. 5. Practical study of location of marma 6. Demonstration of histology slides (10 slides)
Reference Books :- 1. Brihat Shariram Vaidyaratna- P.S. Varrier 2. Abhinava Shariram- Acharya Damodar Sharma Gaur 3. Manava Sharir (Revised Edition)- Prof. Dinkar Govind Thatte 4. Manava Bhruna Vigyana - Prof. Dinkar Govind Thatte 5. Manava Anga Rekhankan Vikrian - Prof. Dinkar Govind Thatte 6. Sharir Rachana Vigyan (English)- Vaidya P.G. Athawale 7. Manual of Practical Anatomy Cunnigham Practical Manual Vol-1, Vol-2, Vol-3 8. Clinical Anatomy in Ayurveda - Prof. D.G. Thatte & Prof. Suresh Chandra 9. Sharir Rachna Vigyan (English)- Prof. D.G. Thatte 10. Ayurvedic Human Anatomy - Prof. Dr. Giridhar M. Kanthi 11. Regional Anatomy - B. D. Chaurasia 12. Rachana Sharir Vigyana - Dr. Mahendra Sing 13. elevant chapters of Brihtrayee and Laghuthrayee 14. Gray's Anatomy 15. Text Book of Human Anatomy- Inderbir Singh 16. Clinical Anatomy- Richard S Snell 17. Fundamentals of Human Anatomoy- Dr. Chakraborthy 18. Human Osteology - Poddar
Reference Books: 1. Astang Hridaya : Hindi commentary by Lalchanda Vaidya 2. Astang Hridaya : Hindi commentary by Vd. B.L. Gaur 3. Astang Hridaya : English commentary by Dr. T. Sreekumar 4. Astang Hridaya : English commentary by Dr. Vishwavasu Gaur 5. Astang Hridaya : Sanskrit commentary by Hemadri 6. Astang Hridaya : Sanskrit commentary by Arunadatta
1 - Dravyaguna Shastra Paribhasa- Lakshana of Sapta Padartha of Dravyaguna Vijnana viz Dravya- Rasa-Guna- Virya- Vipaka- Prabhava and Karma.
2- Dravya: Etymological derivation, definition, panchbhoutikatwa. Classification of Dravya according to Samhitas and Nighantus Taxonomical classification.
3- Guna: Etymological derivation, definition and Classification of Guna. Detailed knowledge of Gurvadi Guna & Paradi gunas.
4- Rasa: Etymological derivation, definition, Meaning of “Rasa” in various contexts. Shad Rasas (Madhura, Amla, Lavana, Katu, Tikta, and Kashaya), Panchabhautik constitution of Rasas, Nirvrittiviseshakrama (manifestation in general and particular), Ritu and shad rasa Rasanurasayoh bheda (Difference between rasa and anurasa), Lakshana (characteristics),Guna and Karma of shad Rasas, Kopana and Shamana of Dosha and dushya by Shad rasas. Effects of excess usage of Rasa. Rasopalabdhi, Rasaskandha.
5- Vipaka: Etymological derivation and definition, difference between Avasthapaka and Vipaka, Types of Vipaka, (Dvividha-Trividha,Panchavidha) Guna and karma of Vipaka. Grades of Vipaka (taratamya), Vipakopalabdhi hetu (Factors to determineVipaka).
6- Veerya: Etymological derivation, definition and Swarupa of Virya, Number of Virya. (Dwividha & Ashtavidha), Panchabhauthikatva Virya karmani (Effects of Virya), General principles in determination of virya along with exceptions.
7- Prabhava: Definition, Effects of Prabhava.
8- Interrelation of Rasa-Guna-Virya-Vipaka-Prabhava with respect to their strength (balabal nirupana). Samanapratyayarabdha and Vichitrapratyayarabdha dravyas.
9- Karma: Lakshana, swaroopa and bheda of karma (Definition, nature and types of action). Explanation of the following Karmas with examples: 1. Deepana 2. Pachana 3. Samshodhana 4. Samshamana 5. Anulomana 6. Sransana 7. Bhedana 8. Rechana 9. Chhedana 10. Lekhana 11. Grahi 12. Sthambhana 13. Madakari 14. Pramathi 15. Abhishyandi 16. Vyavayi 17. Vikashi 18. Rasayana 19. Vajeekarana 20. Jeevaneeya 21. Balya 22. Brimhana 23. Langhana 24. Medhya
10. Brief information on Karmas of dashemani gana of Charak Samhita.
12- Basis of nomenclature: Basis of nomenclature of dravya, Basis and Derivation of synonyms.
13. Bheashaja Pariksha vidhi (as described in Charaka samhita vimana sthana 8), Dravya Sangrahana (collection of dravya) Ecology- Classification of desha (geographical area) and bhumi (soil), swarupa of sangrahaniya dravya of (Nature and quality of drug to be collected). Sangrahana vidhi (Method of collection) Vegetable and Animal origin drugs according to part used. Period of collection according to virya, samrakshana vidhi (preservation of collected dravyas), bheshajagara (Storehouse), study on different prayojyanga (useful plant parts).
14 a) Concept of dravya shodhan (purification of dravya). 14 b) Brief knowledge of Apamishran (adulterants) 14 c) Concept of Abhava pratinidhi dravya (substitutes)
15- Prashasta bheshaja (ideal drug), plant extracts. Concept of viruddha Dravya (incompatibility of the dravya).
16- Introduction to Nighantu Vigyan - Dhanwantari Nighantu, Bhavaprakashanighantu, Rajanighantu.
17- Brief knowledge of cultivation, conservation of medicinal plants and information about endangered species. (II) 30 Marks
18. - Introduction, Definition & scope of Pharmacology and Principles of general Pharmacology. Brief Knowledge about pharmacology of the following - Anaesthetics, CNS depressants, Sedatives, Hypnotics, Tranquilisers, Antipyretics, Analgesics, Antiepileptics, Antihypertensive, Antianginal, Antiplatelet, Hypolipidaemic, Haemopoetic, Coagulants, Bronchodialators, Aerosols/ Inhalants, Expectorants, Digestants, Carminatives, Antacids, Antiulcer, Laxatives, Antidiarrhoeals, Antiemetic, Hepatoprotective, Diuretic, Antidiuretic, Lithotriptic, Antiinflammatory, Hormonal therapy, Antiobesity, Antidiabetic, Antithyroid, Oxytocic. Galactagogues, Contraceptives, Styptics, Antihistamines, Antimicrobial, Antibiotics, Antimalarial, Amoebicidal, Antifilarial, Anthelmentic, Antifungal,Vitamins, Minerals,Water imbalance and IV fluids, Vaccines, antivenom, antirabbies serum, Local anti septics, drugs in ophthalmic practice, Anti cancer drugs and immunomodulators.
1-Detailed Knowledge of Following Dravya – 1- Detailed knowledge of following drugs with respect to Basonym of drug, Main Synonyms, Regional Name, Botanical Name, Family, Classification of Dravya (Gana) as described in Charak and Sushrut, External morphology, Useful parts, Important phytoconstituents, Rasa panchaka, Action on Dosha, Dhatu, Mala, Prayogarha vyadhi (therapeutic indications), Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic administration and Dose), Vishishta yoga (names of important formulations), Vishakta Lakshan (adverse effects), Chikitsopachara (remedial measures) and Shodhana (as required) [Alphabetical order and Botanical names to all the drugs are to be added] Agaru Guggulu Pashanabheda Agnimantha Haridradvaya Patala Agnimantha Haritaki Pippali Pippalimula Ahiphena Hingu Prishniparni Amalaki Jambu Punarnava Apamarga Jatamansi Pushkarmoola Aragvadha Jatiphal Rasna Aragvadha Jeerakadvaya Rasona Ardraka Sunti Jyotishmati Rohitaka Arjuna Kalamegha Saireyaka Arjuna Kampillaka Sarivadvaya Arkadvaya Kanchanara Sarpagandha Ashvagandha Kantakari Shalaparni Asoka Kapikacchu Shallaki Ativisha Karkatakshringi Shalmali Bakuchi Karpura Shankhapushpi Baladvayam. Katuki Shatavari Bhallataka Khadira Shigru Bharangi Kiratatikta Shirisha Bhrungaraj Kumari Shyonaka Bibhitaka Kumkum Kesara Talisa Patra Bijak/ Vijaysar Kupilu Tila Bilva Kushta Trivrut Brahmi Kutaja Tulasi Bruhati Lavanga Tvak Chandanadvaya, Lodhra Ushira Chitraka Madanaphala Vacha Dadima Mandukaparni. Varahi Devadaru Manjishtha Varahi Dhataki Maricha Varuna Durva Musta Vasa Eladvayam Nagakeshara Vatsanabha Eranda Nimba Vidanga Gambhari Nirgundi Vidari Gokshura Palasha Yastimadhu Guduchi Parpata Yavani Part BII- Brief Knowledge of following dravyas with Respect to Sanskrit Name, Botanical Name, Family, Habit (Samanya Swarupa), Parts Used and Indications. Agastya Jati Palandu Ajamoda Jayapala Parasika Yavani Akarkarabh Jeevanti Parijata Amlavetasa Kadali, Parisha Amra Kadamba Parnabija 6 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 Amragandhiharidra Kaidarya Parnayavani Ankola Kakamachi Parpataka Aparajita Kamala Parushaka Ashvagol Kankola Patalagarudi Ashvattha Karanja Patha Asthishrunkhala Karavellaka Patola Atasi Karavira Patranga Avartaki Karira Pilu Avartani Karpasa Plaksha Babbula Kasamarda Prasarani Badara Kasha Priyala Bakula Kasni Priyangu Bhumyamalki Kataka Puga Bijapoora Katphala Putiha Bola Kebuka Putranjivaka Chakramarda Kharjura Rajika/Sarshapa Champaka Kitmari Rohitaka Chandrashura Kokilaksha Saptachakra Changeri Koshataki Saptaparna Chavya Kulatha Saral Chirbilva Kumuda Sarja Chopachini Kusha Shala Danti Kusmanda Shara Darbha Lajjalu Sharapunkha Dattura Langali Shatahwa Dhanvayasa Latakaranja Shati Dhanyaka Latakasturi Snuhi Draksha Madayantika Sringataka Dronapushpi Mahanimba Svarnakshiri Gandhaprasarini Mandukaparni Tagara . Garjara Markandika Tailaparni Gojihva, Masha Talmuli Gorakshaganja Mashaparni Taruni Gunja Matulunga Tavakshira hinsapa Mayaphala Teja Patra Hinstra Meshashrungi Tuvaraka Hribera Methika Udumbara Hrutpatri Mudgaparni urana Ikshu Mulaka Vamsha Indravaruni Murva Vata Ingudi Nagabala Vatada Irimeda Nala Vrudhadaru Ishvaku Narikela Vrukshamla Isvari Nili Japa Padmaka III .-Introduction, Guna, Karma and Uses of following Jantava Dravya (Drugs of Animal Origin). 1. Kasturi 2. Gorochana 3. Mrigasringa 7 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 IV- Introductory Knowledge of Following Annapana Varga: 1. Jala Varga 2. Dugdha Varga 3. Madhu Varga 4. Taila Varga 5. Sukadhanya Varga 6.Shamidhanya Varga 7. Phala Varga 8. Shaka Varga 9. Mamsa Varga 10. Aharayogi PRACTICALS 1. A. Study of Macroscopic, Microscopic characters and Demonstration of organoleptic charcteristics and grahya-agrahyatva of following plants and their useful parts. i. Kanda (stem) - Guduchi or Ashtishrinkhala ii. Patra (leaves) - Vasa or Kumari iii.Pushpa (flower and Parts of flower)- Dhataki or Japa iv.Phala (fruit) – Maricha or Madanaphala or Vidanga v. Beeja (seeds) – Eranda or Kapikacchhu vi.Twak (bark) – Kutaja or Arjuna or Ashwattha vii. Moola(Root)- Punarnava or Chitraka viii. Niryasa (exudate) – Guggulu or Mocharasa ix. Jangama dravya - Madhu or Ghrita. 2. Records of Herbarium sheets of 50 medicinal plants Compulsory study tour other state/s for field knowledge and procurement of plant species. PRACTICAL MARKS DIVISION 1 Herbarium 20 Marks 2 Practical record 20 Marks 3 Drug identification- spotting –Raw/crude drugs 30 marks 4 Plant identification spotting –fresh 30 marks 5 Practical 40 marks 6. Viva-Voce 60 Marks Total 200 marks Reference Books 8 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 1. Abhinav Buti Darpan (Vol.1-2) - Vd. Roop Lal Vaishya 2. Aushadna Vigyna Shastra - Acharya Pt. Vishvanatha Dwidevi 3. Ayurvediya Aushadnkarma vigyana - Acharya V.J. Thakur 4. Bedi Vanaspati Kosha - Prof. Ramesh Bedi 5. Bhaishajyaguna Vigyana - Dr. Alakhnarayan Singh 6. Bhav Prakash Nigantu (English) - Shreekanthamurti 7. Bhav Prakash Nighantu - With Vd. Krishna Chandra Chunekar commentary 8. Bhrinad dravyagunadarsha - Mahendra Kumar Shastri 9. Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants - Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 10. Controversial Medicinal Plants - Vd. G. Bapa Lal 11. Dalhana Ka Dravyaguna Shastra Ke Kshetra Me Yogadana - Vd. Shiv Kumar Vyas 12. Dravyaguna Kosha - Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 13. Dravyaguna Sutram - Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 14. Dravyaguna Vigyana - Dr. Gyanendra Pandey 15. Dravyaguna Vigyana(Vol. 1-2) - Acharya Yadavji Tikram Ji 16. Dravyaguna Vijyana - Dr. V.M. Gogate 17. Dravyaguna Vigyana (Vol. 1-5) - Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 18. Dravyaguna Shastrum - Vaidya G.A. Phadake 19. Dravyaguna Vijyana - Dr. A.P. Deshpande 20. Dravyagunavijnana basic Principles - Prof.D.S.Lucas 21. Forgotten Healers (Indian Medicinal Plants) - Dr. Prakash Pranjape 22. Glossry of Vegetable Drugs in Bhrittrayis - Thakur Balwant Singh & Vd. Krishna Chandra Chunekar 23. Introduction to Dravyaguna - Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 24. Kriyatamka Aushadi Parichaya - Acharya Pt. Vishvanath Dwidevi 25. Materia Medica - Acharya Ghosh 26. Nighantu Adarsh (Vol. 1-2) - Vd. Bapa Lal 27. Pharmacological basis of Medical Practice - Goodman & Gillman 28. Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics - Satoskar Bhandarkar & Ainapure 29. Prayogatamaka Dravyaguna Vigyana - Dr. Maya Ram Uniyal 30. Priya nighantu - Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 31. Raspanchaka/Dravyaguna Siddhanta - Prof. Shivcharan Dhyani 32. System of Plant Nomenclature in Ayurveda - Dr. Gyanendra Panday 33. Text Book of Pharmacognosy - Trees & Valis 34. Textbook of Dravyaguna - Dr.K.Nishteswar 35. Unani Dravyaguna Vigyana - Hakim Daljeet Singh 9 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 36. Useful parts of Charaka, Sushurut, and Vagbhata. - 37. Uttarakand Ki Vanaspatiya - Dr. Gyanendra Pandey 38. Vanoaushadi Darshika - Thakur Balwant Singh 39. Vanoaushadi Nidarshika - Dr. Ram Sushil Singh 40. Vedic Vanaspatiyan - Dr. Dinesh Chandra Sharma ***** *** * 10 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 2.2 ROGA NIDANA Theory Two Papers – 100 Marks Each Practical/Viva voce – 100 Marks PAPER -1 100 Marks Part A 50 Marks I. Dosha Dushyadi Vigyan 1. Definition and importance of Roganidana. 2. Samanya Nidana and Samanya Lakshana of Dosha Vriddhi, Kshaya and Prakopa. 3. Dosha Dhatu Ashraya Ashrayi Bhava. 4. Dhatu Kshaya Vriddhi Lakshana. 6. Mala Kshaya Vriddhi Lakshana. 7. Hetu, Bheda and Lakshana of Agni Dushti. 8. Definitions and Samanya Lakshana of Ama. 9. Sama and nirama Dosha, Dushya Lakshana. 10. Dosha Paka and Dhatu Paka Lakshana. 11. Concept, classification, diagnosis and general complications of Avarana. 12. Doshagati and Rogmarga. 13. Detailed study of Srotomoola and Srotodushti Samanya and Vishishta Hetu Lakshana of all Srotas. Differences between Sroto Dushti and Kha Vaigunya. II. Vyadhi Vigyan 1. Definition, synonyms and classification of Vyadhi & Vyadhi Ghatak. 2. Criteria for nomenclature of Diseases in Ayurveda (Vyadhinamakarana). 3. Bija, Bija Bhaga and Bija Bhaga Avayava Dushti. 4. Basic knowledge of Hereditary, Congenital, Acquired, Multifactorial, Traumatic and Environmental disorders. 5. Introduction to ICD Classification of Diseases of WHO and DSM classification. 6. Samanyaja and Nanatmaja Vikara. NidanarthakaraVyadhi, Hetu Sankara, Lingasankara, Vyadhisankara, Vyadhi Awastha. 7. Dhatu, Updhatu, Mala and Indriya Pradoshaj Vikara. 8. Concept of AshtaMahagada . 9. Introduction to Ashta Nindita. 10.Definition and classification of Vyadhikshamatva. 11.Ojas – types of Ojo Dushti- Visrimsa- Vyapad & Kshaya & It’s Diseases. III. Basic Pathology 1. Introduction to pathology and its sub-divisions. 2. Introduction to Cell Injury and Cellular adaptations. 3. Definition and brief description of inflammation – Healing/repair. 4. Definition and brief description of edema – shock – hemorrhage, Thrombosis , embolism, Ischemia and Infarction. 5. Types of Immunity – different types of immune responses in the body – Basic knowledge of auto immune diseases, Acquired immune deficiency disease and hypersensitivity. 6. Nomenclature and classification of tumors - difference between benign and malignant tumors. 7. Introduction to Nutritional disorders – disorders of macro and micro nutrients. 8. Introduction to infections. 11 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 9. Introduction and classification of microorganisms such as virus- bacteria-fungus. Part B 50 Marks IV. Nidana Panchaka Vigyana 1. Difference between Roga and Rogi Pariksha. 2. Importance of Nidan Panchaka. 3. Hetu - Definition, Synonyms and Classification. 4. Purva Rupa – Definition, Synonyms, Samanya and Vishishta Purvarupa. 5. Rupa - Definition, Synonyms, Samanya and Pratyatma Lakshana. Difference between Vyadhi and Lakshana. 6. Upashaya / Anupashaya– Definition, Types and its importance in diagnosis. 7. Samprapti – Definition, Synonyms and Type and Samprapti Ghataka. 8. Shat Kriyakaala. Relationship between Nidana Panchaka and Shat Kriyakaala. 9. Upadrava and Udarka. 10. ArishtaVigyan – Definition, Types and its importance. 11. Sadhyasadhyatwa – Types, their parameters and importance. 12. General diagnostic principles of AnuktaVyadhi (Ch. Vi. 4). V. Pariksha Vigyana 1. Importance and knowledge of Aptopadeshadi & Darshanadi Trividha, Chaturvidha, and Shadvidha Pariksha. 2. Importance and Knowledge of Ashtasthana Pariksha. 3. Importance and Knowledge of Karanadi Dashavidha Parikshya Bhava. 4. Importance and Knowledge of Dashavidha Pariksha. 5. Basic knowledge of ECG, USG, X Ray, CT Scan,MRI. Paper II 100 Marks Part A 50 Marks Systematic study of Nidana Panchaka of following diseases (Including Upadrava, Arishta and Sadhyasadhyata). I. Diseases of Rasavaha Srotas 1(a) Jwara(Jwarabheda-Ama, Pachyamana and Nirama Jwara,Agantukajwara, Punaravartaka Jwara,Vishama Jwara, Dhatugata Jwara, Charakokta Sannipata Jwara. 1(b) General mechanism of Fever, Introduction to the Aetiopathogenesis of Malaria,Typhoid, Dengue fever, Influenza and Chikungunya. 2(a) Pandu, Amavata, Hridroga, Shotha. 2(b) Introduction to Anaemia & its Classification, Rheumatic fever, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Hypertension, Angina, Ischaemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction and CCF. II. Diseases of Raktavaha Srotas 1. Kamala - Raktapitta - Vatarakta – Kroshtuksheersha - Shitapitta – Maha Kushtha – Visarpa – Shwitra and Introduction to Kshudra Kushtha. 2. Introduction to Hepatomegaly, Spleenomegaly, Leukaemia, Thalessemia, Sickle cell Anaemia. 3. Introduction to Urticaria, Psoriasis, Eczema, Pemphigus. III. Diseases of Mamsavaha Srotas (a) Galganda (b) Introduction to Thyroid disorders IV. Diseases of Medovaha Srotas 12 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 1. Sthoulya - Karshya – Prameha. 2. Introduction to Obesity and Diabetes Mellitus. V. Diseases of Asthi – Majjavaha Srotas 1. Vatavyadhi - Akshepaka - Apatanaka - Ardita - Pakshaghata – Gridhrasi –Vishwachi, Avabahuka, - Manyasthambha ,Katigraha,Pangutwa 2. Sandhigatavata, Asthi-Majjagata vata. 3. Introduction to Osteo- Arthritis, Osteoporosis. 4. Introduction to Parkinson’s disease, Stroke, Lumbago- Sciatica syndrome, Bell’s Palsy, Cervical- Lumber & Ankylosing Spondylitis. VI. Diseases of Shukravaha Srotas 1. Introduction to Klaibya and Vandhyatva. 2. Introduction to male and female infertility. Part B 50 Marks VII. Diseases of Pranavaha Srotas 1(a). Kasa - Shwasa - Hikka – Urahkshata – Shosha – Rajayakshma. 1(b). Introduction to the aetiopathogenesis of Pneumonia, Pleural effusion, Bronchitis, Bronchiectasis, Bronchial Asthma. VIII. Diseases of Annavaha- PureeshavahaSrotas 1. Agnimandya - Ajirna - Aruchi- Chhardi - Amlapitta- Shoola – Parinama Shoola – AnnadravaShoola- Atisara – Pravahika - Grahani –Gulma- Udara Roga. 2. Introduction to Anaha, Adhmana, Atopa, Visuchika Alasaka, Vilambika. 3. Introduction to Peptic Ulcer, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Diarrhoea, Dysentry, Constipation, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. IX. Diseases of Udakavaha Srotas 1(a) Introduction to Trishna, Daha. 1(b) Introduction to water and electrolyte imbalance disorders. X. Diseases of Mutravaha Srotas 1(a) Mutrakrichha – Mutraghata. 1(b) Introduction to Urinary Tract Infection, Nephropathies. XI. Diseases of Swedavaha Srotas 1(a) Introduction to Khalitya, Palitya. XII. Diseases of Manovaha Srotas 1(a) Apasmara, Unmada, Atatwabhinivesha-Vishada, Anidra, Mada, Murchha, Sanyasa. 1(b) Introduction to Epilepsy, Depression, Anxiety neurosis. XIII. Upasargajanya Vyadhi (Communicable diseases) 1(a) Romantika – Masurika – Upadamsha – Phiranga. 1(b) Introduction to Measels, Chickenpox, Leprosy, Tuberculosis and AIDS. XIV. Krimi Vigyana 1) Definition, classification of Krimi and features of Krimiroga 2) Snayuka, Shleepada. 3) Introduction of Filariasis and classification of common parasites. PRACTICAL (100 Marks) i) Fundamental Principles of Laboratory Tests 13 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 Introduction to laboratory, Sterilization, glass wares, solutions reagents and safety procedures, Disposal of biomedical wastes. ii) Haematology 1 Haemoglobin estimation. 2 Blood cells counting - WBC, RBC, platelets. 3 Hematocrit /Packed cell volume (PCV). 4 Erythrocyte indices - MCV, MCH, MCHC. 5 Peripheral blood smear, staining technique and differential leucocyte count. 6 Peripheral blood film examination in Anemia, Leukemia, Malaria, Filaria (Demonstration). 7 ESR. 8 Screening test for bleeding disorders- bleeding time (BT), Clotting time (CT), Demonstration of Prothrombin time (PT). 9 Blood grouping - ABO system, Rh typing (Rhesus system). iii) Urine Examination 1. Ayurveda anusara mutrapariksha. 2. Physical Examination - Volume, Reaction (Ph) & Specific Gravity. 3. Chemical Examination for - Proteins, Glucose, Phosphate, Ketone, Bile salts, Bile pigment. 4. Dipstick examination 5. Demonstration of Microscopic Examination. iv) Stool Examination 1 Ayurveda anusara purishapariksha. 2 Physical examination, Sama-Nirama Pariksha. 3 Microscopic examination of ova & cyst (Demonstration) 4 Occult Blood Test. v) Demonstration of Sputum Examination 1 Ayurveda anusara sthivanapariksha. 2 Physical, Chemical and Microscopic Examination of the sputum. 3 Sample collection and Demonstration of AFB. vi) Demonstration of Semen examination 1 Ayurveda anusara Retaspariksha. 2 Semen examination. vii) Biochemical Examination – (Demonstration) Blood Glucose, Serum Bilirubin, Blood Urea, Lipid Profile, Serum Creatinine, Serum Uric acid etc. viii) Demonstration of different staining techniques in microbiology. ix) Demonstration of Sero-immunological Investigations: RA and Widal. x) Laboratory record – maintenance of laboratory record book. Bed side Practical (Clinical Methods) 1. Introduction and demonstration of clinical methods (General and Systemic Examination). 2. Practical demonstration of examination of Roga based on Pancha Nidana. 3. Demonstration of instruments used for clinical examination. 4. Practical records of clinical examination of at least 20 long cases in I.P.D including Aturbala-pramana pareeksha. 5. Practical records of clinical examination of at least 20 short Cases based on Ashta vidha pariksha in O.P.D. 14 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 6. Demonstration of ECG, USG and Radio imaging techniques. Distribution of Marks for final Practical Examination 1. Daily Record -10 Marks 2. Indentification of Instruments -10 Marks 3. Laboratory Experiments -20 Marks 4. Short Case -10 Marks 5. Long Case -20 Marks 6. Viva - Voce -30 Marks Total 100 Marks Reference Books 1. Madhava Nidana (Madhukosha Pt. Yadunandan Upadhyay Commentary) Part 1 – 2 2. Doshakaranatwa Mimamsa - Acharya P.V. Sharma 3. Nadi Darshan - Vd. Tara Shankar Mishra 4. Nadi Vigyana Vidyotini Hindi Tika 5. Nadi Vigyan- Shri Satya Dev Vashisht 6. Nadi Vigyan- Gangadhar Tika 7. Rogi Pariksha vidhi Acharya- Priyavrata Sharma 8. Ayurvediya Roga Vargikaran- Vd. Ramanath Dwivedi & Vd. Gurdip Singh. 9. Ayurvediya Nidan Evum Chikitsa Ke Siddhanta - Prof. Ram Harsh Singh. 10. Relevant portions of Charak Samhita, Sushrut Samhita and Vagbhata. 11. Text Book of Pathology- William Boyds. 12. Text Book of Pathology- Harsh Mohan. 13. Text Book of Pathology- Dey and Dey. 14. Text Book of Parasitology -Ramnik Sood. 15. Clinical Pathology and Bacteriology- S.P. Gupta. 16. Clinical methods in Ayurveda- K. R . S. Murthy. 17. Parameswarappa’s Ayurvediya Vikriti Vigyan and Roga Vikriti Vigyan-Dr. P.S. Byadgi. 18. Oxford Handbook of Clinical Examination Oxford Handbooks and Practical Skills. 19. Advanced Clinical Evaluation System for Practical Assessment of Clinical Examination Skills. 20. Symptoms & Signs in Clinical Medicine - Chamberlains. 21. Clinical Methods- Hutchison’s. 22. Bedside Clinics in Medicine Part- I & II-Kundu. 23. Common Medical Symptoms- Mehta. 24. Advances in Pathology & Lab Med- Weimstean, Gralem, Anderson, Cortan, Wick, Zumwelt. 25. Clinical Laboratory medicine Edited by Kenneth D Mc. Chately. 26. General Pathology- Walter & Israel Churchill Living stone. 27. A Comprehensive Dictionary of Pathology- Chris Newann. 28. Practical Pathology- Dr. K. Uma Chaturvedi. 29 .Clinical examination- Douglas/Macleod’s. 30. Pathology Practical book for Undergraduates- Harsh Mohan. 31. Medical Laboratory Technology - R. Sood. 32. Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Todd, Sanford and Davidson Laboratory methods 33. Clinical Hematology In Medical Practice- Degruchy’s. 34. Robbins Basic Pathology- Kumar, Abbas, Fausto at al. 15 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 2.3. Rasashastra Evam Bhaishajyakalpana (IATROCHEMISTRY AND AYURVEDIC PHARMACEUTICS) Theory -Two Papers Total Marks- 200 Teaching hours-200 Practical :- Total Marks-200 Teaching hours-200 RASASHASTRA Paper 1 100 Marks Part A 50 Marks 1. Definition and etymology of Rasa, History of Rasashastra, Importance of Rasaushadhi, Concept of Rasa-Rasayana, Concept of Raseshwar Darshana. Concept of Rasashala and Rasamandap. 2. Brief Description and Application of Technical terminologies (Paribhasha): Avapa, Nirvapa, Dhalana, Bhavana, Jarana, Murchana, Shodhana, Marana, Amrutikarana, Lohitikarana, Mruta Loha, Satwa Patana, Druti, Apunarbhava, Niruttha, Rekhapurna, Varitara. 3. Dravya Varga: Amlavarga, Panchamrittika, Panchagavya, Panchamrita, Ksharashtaka, Dravakagana, Mitra panchaka, Rakta varga, Lavanapanchaka. 4. Brief description of Yantras and their application Ulukhala Yantra, Khalwa Yantra, Kachhapa Yantra, Damaru Yantra - Vidhyadhara Yantra- Urdhwapatan, Addhapatan & Tiryakpatana Yantra, Jaranartha Tulayantra, Dolayantra, Patalayantra, Palika Yantra, Baluka Yantra, Bhudhara Yantra, Sthali Yantra, Swedana Yantra. 5. Brief description & application of Musha (Crucible): Samanya Musha, Gostani musha, Vajra Musha, Maha musha, Yoga musha, Vrintaka Musha, Malla / Pakwa musha. Different types of crucibles e.g. Silica crucible, platinum crucible. Mudra and Sandhi Bandhana. 6. Brief description & applications of Chullika, Satwapatana Koshthi, Patala Kosthi, Gara Koshthi, Angarakoshthi and knowledge of various heating appliances viz. Gas stove, Hot plate, Heating mantle, Induction Stove, Hot Air Oven. 7. Concept, definition and types of Puta: Suryaputa, Chandraputa, Gomayaputa, Lawakaputa, Kukkutaputa, Kapotaputa, Varahaputa, Gajaputa, Mahaputa, Kumbhaputa, Valukaputa, Bhudharaputa, Applications of Electric muffle furnace and fuel (diesel) dependent furnace. Brief introduction to thermocouple and pyrometer. 8. Knowledge of Parada: Synonyms, Occurrence, natural and artificial sources of Parada, Hingulottha parada, Types of Parada, Parada Dosha: Naisargika, Yougika, Aupadhika 16 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 (Kanchuka). Grahya-Agrahya Parada, Parada gati, Parada bandha, Shodhana of Parada. Parada sanskara and brief description of Ashtasamskara. 9. Concept of Murchhana and Jarana of Parada, Preparation of Kajjali, Classification of Rasaushadhi: Khalvi rasa e.g. Tribhuvana Keerti Rasa, Parpati Rasa- Rasa Parpati, Kupipakva Rasa- Rasa sindur, Pottali rasa - Hemagarbha pottali. Rasa sevana vidhi and pathya and apathya. 10. Brief introduction of quality control , standardization and GMP of Rasaoushadhies. Part B 50 Marks Occurrence, Synonyms, Minerological identification, Sources, Types, Grahya and Agrahyata, Shodhana, Marana and other processing techniques. Properties, dose, anupan and therapeutic uses, pathya – apathya and ashuddha, apakwa and avidhee sevanjanya dosha and its management, important formulations of the following: 1. Maharasa –Abhraka (Biotite Mica), Vaikrantha, Makshika (Chalco-pyrite), Vimala (Iron Pyrite), Shilajatu, Sasyaka (Peacock ore), Chapala and Rasaka (Sphalerite). 2. Uparasa – Gandhaka (Sulfur), Gairika (Red Ochre), Kasisa (Green Vitriol), Kankshi (Alum), Haratala (Orpiment), Manahshila (Realgar), Anjana and Kankustha. 3. Sadharana Rasa – Kampillaka, Gauri pashana (Arsenic oxide), Navasadara (Ammonium chloride), Kaparda (Cowry), Agnijara, Giri Sindura (Red oxide of Hg), Hingula (Red Cinnabar) and Mriddara shringa (Litharge). 4. Dhatu -Swarna (Gold), Rajata (Silver), Tamra (Copper), Loha (Iron), Vanga (Tin), Naga (Lead), Yashada (Zinc), Kamsya (Bronze), Pittala (Brass), Vartaloha. Dhatu -graha sambandha. 5. Ratna - Manikya (Ruby), Mukta (Pearl), Pravala (Coral), Tarkshya (Emerald), Pushparaga (Topaz), Vajra (Diamond), Nilam (Sapphire), Gomeda (Zircon or Cinnamone stone), Vaidurya (Cats eye). Ratnapariksha, Ratnadosha, Ratna-graha sambandha. 6. Uparatna- Vaikranta (Tourmaline), Suryakanta (Sun stone), Chandrakanta (Moon stone), Rajavarta (Lapis lazuli), Perojaka (Turquise), Sphatikamani (Quartz), Trinakanta, Palanka, Putika, Rudhir. 7. Sudha varga – Sudha (Lime stone ), Kaparda (Cowries), Shukti (Oyster Shell) , Shankh (Conch Shell), Mriga shringa (Stag horn), Khatika, Godanti (Gypsum) and Samudraphena (Cattle Fish bone), Kukkutanda twak (Hen’s Egg Shell). 8. Sikata varga - Sikata (Silica), Dugdhapashana (Talc), Nagapashana / Jaharmohara (Serpentine), Badarshama (silicate of lime), Vyomashma (Sangeyashab - Jade), Kousheyashma (Asbestos) and Akika (Agate). 17 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 9. Kshara varga - Sarja kshara (Sodium bicarbonate), Yava kshara, Tankana kshara (Borax), Surya Kshara (Potassium Nitrate). 10. Miscellaneous - Mandura, Bola, Dam-ul Akhawayan (Raktabandhini), Kasturi, Bhoonag, Mayurpiccha, Sarjarasa, Madhoocchishta. 11. Visha and Upavisha-Introduction, collection and storage, classification, synonyms, shodhana, antidote, therapeutic and toxic doses, anupan, therapeutic uses, and formulations of following Visha and Upavisha-Vatsanabha, Kuchala, Jayapala, Dhattura, Bhanga, Bhallataka, Gunja, Arka, Snuhi. Langali, Karaveera, Ahiphena and Chitrakmool. 12. Aushadhi Yoga Gyanam- ingredients, manufacturing process, and bheshajprayogvidhi. Arogya Vardhini Gutika, Kasturibhairava Rasa, Kumara Kalyana Rasa, Garbhapala Rasa, Chandraprabha Vati, Chandramrita Rasa, Pratapalankeshwara Rasa, Pravalapanchamrita Rasa, Anandbhairava Rasa, Yogendra Rasa, Laxmivilas Rasa, Vasantakusumakara, Vasantamalati Rasa, Brihat Vata Chintamani Rasa, Shankha vati, Shwaskuthara Rasa, Hinguleswara Rasa, Hemagarbhapottali, Hridyarnava Rasa, Swarnavanga, Makaradhwaja, Putapakwavaisham Jwarantaka Loha, Vatvidhvamsan Rasa, Kamadugha Rasa, Laghusutshekhar Rasa, Navayasa Loha, Saptamrita Loha, Tamra Parpati, Panchamrita Parpati, Sveta Parpati. 13. Introduction to pharamcovigilance and its status in India, with reference to Ayurvedic drugs. A) Necessary to know – From part A and B : S. No. 1 to 9 B) Desired to know – From part B : S. No. 10 Practical 100 Marks Minimum Twenty five practicals to be performed 1. Rasa [Parada] Samanya Shodhana of Parada Kajjali Mugdha rasa 2 Maharasa varga Shodhana of Abhraka Dhanyabhraka nirmana Shodhana of Makshika Shodhana of Shilajatu Shodhana of Sasyaka. 3. Uparasa varga Shodhana of Gandhaka Shodhana of Gairika Shodhana of Kasisa Shodhana of Kankshi Shodhana of Haratala Rasa manikya nirman Shodana of Manashila 18 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 4. Sadharana rasa varga Shodhana of Hingula Sodhana of Navasadar Shodhana of Kapardika 5. Sudha Varga Shodhana of Shankha Shodhana of Shukti Shodhana of Pravala mula Shodhana of Godanti 6. Dhatu varga Samanya Shodhana of Lauha Shodhana of Mandura Samanya Shodhana of Tamra Shodhana of Naga Shodhana of Vanga Shodhana of Yashada 7. Kshara Varga Shodhana of Tankana 8. Parpati Preparation of Rasaparpati, Bola Parpati and Swetaparpati 9. Visha varga Shodhana of Vatsanabha, Bhallataka, Kupilu, Dhattura beeja, Jayapala, Gunja, Chitrakamoola. PRACTICAL FOR DEMONSTRATION / GROUP PRACTICALS 1. Hingulad rasakrishti (Hingulottha Parada). 2. Bhasma: 4 (One from each group) i. Abhraka bhasma, Swarna Makshika bhasma, Tamra bhasma ii. Vanga bhasma, Naga bhasma, Yashada bhasma iii. Mandura bhasma, Kasisa bhasma iv. Shankha bhasma, Kapardika bhasma, Godanti bhasma. 3. Pishti : 1 Pravala pishti, Jaharmohara / Akika pishti, Trina kantha mani pishti, Mukta pishti. 4. Druti : 1 Gandhaka druti. 5. Formulations 4 (one from each group) i. Rasasindura, Swarna vanga, Sameer pannaga rasa ii. Saptamruta lauha, Punarnava mandura, Navayasa lauha iii. Agnitundi vati, Tribhuvana kirti rasa, Sootshekhara rasa, Laghusutashekhara Rasa iv. Arogyavardhini vati, Laghumalinivasanta rasa, Hinguleshwar rasa, Anandbhairav rasa, Rajapravartini vati 19 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 BHAISHAJYAKALPANA Paper II 100 Marks Part A 50 Marks 1. History and Chronological (kramika vikasa) development of Bhaishajyakalpana. Concept of Aushadha and Bheshaja. 2. Fundamental principles of Bhaishajya Kalpana. 3. Study of Ancient and Contemporary systems of ‘Maana’ (Units of measurement), Shushka -ardra –drava- dravya grahan niyam (Rules of measures of dry, fresh, liquid drugs); Grahyagrahyatva, Nava Puran dravya grahan niyam. 4. Guidelines and Methods of collection, storage, preservation of Aushadhi dravya. Concept of Saviryatavadhi (shelf life) and stability in ancient and contemporary science. 5. Bheshajprayogavidhi : Aushadha Matra, Anupana and sahapan and Aushadh sevan kaala. (Posology). 6. Panchavidha kashaya kalpana and Other kalpana : Kashaya Yoni, Swarasa, Kalka, Kwatha, Hima and Phanta, Pramathya, Aushadha siddha paniya, Tandulodaka, Laksha rasa, Mantha, Panaka, Arka, Churna, Rasakriya, Ghana, Phanita, Avaleha, Prasha, Gudapaka, Sharkara, Syrups, Ksheerapaka, Satva, Guggulu kalpana, Vati, Guti, Pinda, Modaka, Varti Preparation of Tablets, pills, capsule and Suppositories. Masi kalpana, Lavana kalpana, Kshara kalpana and Kshara sutra. 7. Introduction and general knowledge of useful instruments/ Equipments - Disintegrator, Mixer, Grinder, End Runner, Edge Runner, Sieve-Shaker, Granulator, Tableting machine, Pill making machines, coating and polishing pan, capsule filling machine, sieves and mesh. 8. Sneha kalpana : Sneha yoni, Types of Sneha, Sneha murchana vidhi, Sneha paka vidhi, patra paka, types and their use. Sneha siddhi lakshana, dose, Preparation and uses of Triphala Ghrita, Bramhighrita, Narayana taila, Anutaila. 9. Sandhana Kalpana and its types: Madya Kalpana, Asava, Arishta, Sura (Prasanna - Kadambari - Medaka - Jagala - Bakkasa), Maireya, Surasava, Shukta, Kanjika, Sauviraka, Tushodaka, Sidhu kalpana their methods of preparation, siddhi lakshana, properties, uses, doses. Takrarishta, Draksharishta, Ashokarishta, Dashamoolarishta, Kumaryasava, Chandanasava
10. Kritanna and Aushadhisiddha anna Kalpana: Definition of Kritanna, Concept of Pathya and Apathya, Yavagu –types of yavagu, Manda, Peya, Vilepi, Anna, Bhakta, Odan, Yush -types, Krishara, Mansa rasa, Vesavara, Khad Kamblika, Raga, Shadava, Dadhi and Takra Varga – Takra, Udasvita, Katvar, Mathita, Chhachika.
1. Bahyopacharartha kalpana (External Applications)-Lepa -Types of Lepa, methods of preparation and mode of application. Udvartan and Avachurnan, Method of preparation of Siktha Taila, Malahara – Sarjarasa Malahara, Gandhak Malahara, Upanaha, Atasi upanaha, Shatadhouta and Sahastradhouta Ghrita. Brief introduction of semi solid dosage forms- Ointments, Creams, Emulsions, Gels, Lotions.
2. Principles and precautions for preparation of formulations for following:
2.1 Netraupacharartha kalpana (Opthalmic preparations) – Seka, Drava, Pindi, Anjana - Ashchyotana - Tarpana - Putapaka and Vidalaka, Methods of preparation of eye drops, eye ointments.
2.2 Nasyopachararth Kalpana - Classification of Nasya, Navana, Avapidana, Pradhaman, Marsha and Pratimarsha nasya.
2.3 Dhumapanarth kalpana - Classification of dhumpaan, Method of preparation of dhumvarti and it’s therapeutic uses. Dhupan: Vranadhupan, arshodhupan.
2.5 Basti kalpana- Classification, Method of preparation of Niruha and Anuvasana, Basti Therapeutic properties and uses of Basti.
3 Brief knowledge of Standardization of Ayurvedic formulations- Kasthaushadhi.
4 Brief introduction of Drug and Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules 1945.
5 Concept of, Aushadhi Nirmanshala, with respect to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) in accordance to Schedule T. Practical Bhaishajya Kalpana Following practicals to be performed- (Minimum one from each category) Method of preparation, therapeutic uses, dose and anupana of the following
36. Shodhana- Guggulu, Hingu. II. Visit of minimum three GMP approved Ayurvedic manufacturing units.
Distribution of Practical Marks: Total 200 Marks Rasashastra - 100 1. Record Book - 10 Marks 2. Experiment - 30 Marks 3. Spotting - 20 Marks 4. Viva-voce - 40 Marks Bhaishajyakalpana - 100 1. Record Book - 10 Marks 2. Experiment - 30 Marks 3. Spotting - 20 Marks 4. Viva-voce - 40 Marks
Reference Books 1. Adyatan Rasa Shastra R.K. Goyal 2. Abhinav Rasa Shastra Vaidya Somadev Sharma 3. Asava Arishta Vigyanam Dr. Pakshdhar Jha 4. Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra (Sachitra) Chandrabhusan Jha 5. Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra Badrinarayan Pandey 6. Rasa Bhaishajya Paribhasa Sureshananda Thapaliyal 7. Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra Prof. Siddhi Nandan Mishra 8. Ayurved Prakash Vaidya Gujrat Mishra 9. Drugs and Cosmetic Act - 1940 10. Paka Darpana Dr. Indradev Tripathi 11. The Paka-darpana of King Nala Dr. Madhulika critical study 12. Parada Vigyaniyam Vasudev M. Dwivedi 13. Pratyaksha Aushadh Nirmanam Acharya VishwanathDwivdei 14. Bhaishjyakalpana Vigyanam Dr. Agnihotri 15. Rasa Tarangini Sadanand Sharma 16. Rasa Darpan Prof. Bhajan Das Swami 17. Rasa Bindu Dr. Sanjay Sharma 20. Rasa Bhaishajya Kalpana Vigyan Vaidya Santosh Kumar Khandal 21. Rasa Mitra Dr. Tryambak Nath Sharma 22. Rasa Ratna Samuchchaya (Hindi) Dattattreya Ananta Kulkarni. 23. Rasaratna samuchchaya- Ambikadatta shastri 24.Rasaratna samuchchaya - Damodar Joshi 25. Rasa Shastra Prayogiki Srivastava, Yadav and Prof. Ramesh Saxena 26. Rasamritam Vaidya Yadavji Tirkramji Acharya 25. Rasayan Sara Vaidya Shyam Sunderacharya 23 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 Vaishya 26. Rasendra Sampradaya Vaidya Hajari Lal Sukul 27. Rasendra Sara Sangraha Vaidya Gopal Krishna 29. Vaidyak Paribhasha Pradeep (Hindi Translation) Dr. Indradev Tripathi 30. Sharangadhara Samhita Dr. Radhakrishna Parashar 31. Bharatiya Bhaishajya Kalpana Vigyana Gananath Vishwanath Dwivedi 32. Bhaishajya Kalpana Vijnanam Dr. K Ramachandra Reddy 33. Rasa Shastra (English) Prof. Damodar Joshi 34. Rasa Ratna Samuchchaya (English) Prof. Damodar Joshi 35. Rasendra Chintamani (Hindi) Prof. Siddhinandan Mishra 36. Ayurvedic formulary of India 38.Ayurvedic Pharmacopiea of India , CCRAS 39. Bhaishjya Kalpana Vigyan Siddhi Nandan Mishra 40. Textbook of Rasashasra Dr. K Ramachandra Reddy. 41. Ashadhayoga Vigyanam Dr. K. Ramachandra reddy 42. Vaidyaka Paribhasha Pradipa (Enlgish Translation) Dr. K. Ramachndra Reddy & Dr. P. Suresh 43. Relevant parts of Brihatrayee 44.Text book of Bhaishjya Kalpana - Dr Shobha G Hiremath 45. Text Book of Rasa Shastra Dr P H C Murthy 46.Rasa Chandashu Prof S S Savirkar (CCRAS Publication) 47 .Bhaishjya Ratnawali Prof S N Mishra 48 Yoga Ratnakar ***** *** * 24 | U G S y l l a b u s 2 n d y e a r 2 0 1 3 2.4 CHARAKASAMHITA -PURVARDHA (Sutrasthana, Nidanasthana, Vimanasthana, Sharirasthana and Indriyasthana) Theory- One Paper– 100 Marks Lectures – 200 Hours Part A 1. Sutrasthana - 40 Marks 2. Indriyasthana - 10 Marks Part B 1. Nidanasthana - 15 Marks 2. Vimanasthana - 20 Marks 3. Sharirasthana - 15 Marks Reference Books 1. Charakasamhita –Ayurveda Dipika commentary by Chakrapani. 2. Charakasamhita (Hindi Commentary): Vaidya Jayadev Vidyalankar or Vd. Atridev Vidyalankar or Prof. Gorakha Nath Chaturvedi & Kashinath Shastri or Dr. Brahmanand Tripathy or Dr. Ravi Dutta Tripathy 3. Charakasamhita (English Commentary): Dr. Ram Karan Sharma & Vd. Bhagwan Dash or Acharya Priyavrata Sharma. 4. Charakasamhita-Ayurveda Dipika Commentary-Hindi Translation by Dr. B L Gaur, published by Rashtriya Ayurved Vidyapeeth.